Dr. Reid emphasizes the importance of your periodontal health and a periodontal screening is part of any routine dental exam in his Truckee, CA dentist office. Gum disease is often called the “silent disease” because most people do not realize they have it until they visit the dentist or begin to suffer with complex dental problems as it advances.
It is important to note that gum disease remains a leading cause of tooth loss in adults today- one that is preventable with routine dental care. Healthy gums are the supporting structure for your teeth- if they lose their foundation, problems begin to arise such as decay, loose teeth, and changes in the bite.
Gum disease is caused by plaque, the ugly coating of bacteria excrement that constantly builds up on your teeth. The bacteria’s excrement (plaque) contains chemical compounds that can damage the teeth and gums. Gum disease attacks at the connection of your teeth and gum line in the sulcus, where it damages the supporting and connective tissues. As the tissues are damaged, the sulcus develops into a pocket; generally, the deeper the pocket, the more severe the disease.
Eventually, pockets can become so deep that your tooth is no longer attached to your gums or jawbone. And, that’s when they fall out…
“It’s not enough anymore to just keep an eye on at-risk areas in the gums. Rather, aggressively controlling periodontal disease will be an important part of maintaining, and improving our patients’ overall health and their enjoyment of life. To be exact, our patients will not be totally healthy unless they are periodontally healthy.” Dr. Donald Reid
What Are The Signs of Gum Disease?
Understanding the common signs of developing gum disease is important- addressing them as quickly as possible is even more important. We will screen for gum disease every visit in an effort to spot it early and offer conservative treatment measures to restore health.
- Bleeding gums
- Receding gums
- Sore, red or swollen gums
- Shifting teeth
- Persistent bad breath
Stages of Gum Disease
Periodontal disease presents in two stages:
- Gingivitis: early stage gum disease is characterized by mild symptoms such as bleeding or irritated gums. This is an indication that plaque is building up along the gum line and an infection is growing.
- Periodontitis: advanced gum disease will result in changes in the teeth and the bite as the gum tissue is compromised by bacteria and begins to pull away from the teeth.
Many patients will experience gingivitis in their lifetime, but routine dental care and prompt treatment is the key to avoiding advanced disease and its effects on overall dental health.
Treating Gum Disease
Dr. Reid will asses your gum health and recommend any necessary treatment if disease is present. Treatment may consist of both in office procedures and at home care to keep the gums healthy for the long term. Treatment options can include:
- Scaling and root planing: an in office procedure that will thoroughly remove plaque and tartar from the deep pockets along the gum line.
- Anti-bacterial rinses: used as part of your at home oral hygiene, these products can minimize bacteria in the mouth to keep gum disease from recurring.
- Laser dentistry: Dr. Reid may use a dental laser to remove diseased gum tissue and restore your oral health. Laser dentistry provides effective, accurate treatment with less pain, bleeding and down time.
Why Treat Gum Disease?
Recent studies have shown an association between gum disease and an increased risk for cardiovascular disease, stroke, low birth weight and systemic disease. Because gum disease can have an adverse effect on your over-all health, Dr. Reid strongly suggests getting professional cleanings at least every six months.
Healthy gums serve as a protective barrier between the over 500 different types of bacteria on the mouth and your bloodstream, which can transport them around the body. Poor gum health enables bacteria to affect your overall health and lead to inflammation that causes a wide range of problems.
Ultimately, patients with advanced and untreated gum disease are at greater risk for developing cardiovascular and systemic disease such as diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis. For those already suffering with these health problems, poor gum health can increase the severity of their symptoms and make their disease difficult to manage and treat effectively.
Studies continue to evaluate the proven oral-systemic connection and the relationship between inflammation in the body and the incidence of disease. A healthy mouth can be the foundation of overall health and wellness.
The “simple” act of visiting with us twice a year has many benefits for your health- and your quality of life.
Schedule an Appointment
Looking for a dentist in Tahoe City CA, or Lake Tahoe, CA area dentist to treat your gum disease? Dr. Reid is currently accepting new patients! Contact our office or schedule an appointment online. We look forward to meeting the oral health needs of you and your family.